Wellhead Protection Ordinance

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Engineering Department
121 E. Chestnut St
Suite 100
Lancaster, OH 43130

(740) 687-6614

cityengineers@ci.lancaster.oh.us

Wellhead Protection Area’s and Land Use Planning

   In 1994, Lancaster formed the wellhead protection committee for the Miller Park Wellfield. The committee drafted and passed City Ordinance 40-94 on November 11, 1994, establishing land use guidelines within specified wellhead protection zones or boundaries. The ordinance was later revised and updated in October 1997. Highlights of the ordinance and land use restrictions are mentioned below:

Wellhead Protection Zone 1


   WHPZ 1 corresponds with the 1 year TOT boundary. Since pollutants entering into the groundwater within this boundary would take one year or less to reach the wellfield, this zone is the most critical. Regulations established for this zone are therefore the most restrictive.

   Businesses that would engage in any of the 18 specific high risk land use practices will no longer be invited to locate within WHPZ 1. Existing high risk facilities may remain within WHPZ 1 as a non-conforming use provided they were in operation prior to November 11, 1994, when the ordinance was passed. When a non-conforming facility closes for a period of time greater than six months, it will lose its non-conforming exception status. No new or similar non-conforming facility may open at the site.

The following uses are prohibited in the Wellhead Protection Zone 1:

  1. Disposal of solid or hazardous waste.
  2. Storage of road salt or other deicing chemicals and the dumping of snow containing deicing chemicals.
  3. Animal feed lots.
  4. The outside storage of herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers, or fungicides.
  5. Dry cleaning and commercial laundry establishments.
  6. Industrial uses which discharge processed waters onsite.
  7. Chemical or bacteriological laboratories.
  8. Metal polishing, finishing, and plating establishments.
  9. Commercial wood finishing, preserving, painting, and furniture stripping establishments.
  10. Commercial printing, photocopying and photographic processing establishments.
  11. Motor vehicle service and repair shops, junkyards, motor vehicle junkyards, motor vehicle salvage operations, car washes, as well as any similar use which might potentially effect groundwater quality.
  12. Trucking and bus terminals.
  13. Leather tanning and finishing.
  14. Electrical components manufacturing or assembly.
  15. New installation of underground storage tanks of liquid petroleum and/or products of any kind.
  16. Storage of liquid petroleum products of any kind in excess of 15 gallons except for storage in a freestanding container within a building, or fuel for heating of that building.
  17. Storage of petroleum, and/or any other regulated substances in underground storage tanks.
  18. Any other use, which involves, as principle activity, the manufacture, storage, use, treatment, transportation, or disposal or toxic or hazardous material.

Wellhead Protection Zone 2

   WHPZ 2 corresponds with the area between the 1-year TOT and the 5-year TOT boundaries. Potential contaminants released into groundwater within this zone would take between 1 and 5 years to reach the wellfields. Because of the greater time available for cleanup, regulations established within WHPZ 2 are less stringent. Land use restrictions for WHPZ 2 are as followed:

  1. Disposal of solid or hazardous waste.
  2. The outside storage of herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers, or fungicides.
  3. Any other use, which involves, as principle activity, the manufacture, storage, use, treatment, transportation, or disposal or toxic or hazardous material.